Central Nervous System (CNS): The brain and spinal cord
Certified Chemical Dependency Counselor (CCDC): Manages clients in chemical dependency programs to help with addiction recovery
Cirrhosis: Chronic liver disease
Clinical Opiate Withdrawal Scale (COWS): Used to determine the severity of opioid withdrawal
Codeine: The pain-relieving sedative agent contained in opium
Codependence: A family member's or friend's suffering that is the result of the side effects of one's addiction; it occurs when one takes responsibility for another's actions and helps that person avoid facing his or her problems directly to maintain the relationship
Cold Turkey: Abruptly quitting a drug by choice in order to try to quit long-term
Compulsion: A physical behavior one repeats involuntarily that can be harmful (e.g., addiction)
Conditioning: A behavioral change that results from an association between events
Craving: A powerful and strong desire/urge for a substance; a symptom of the abnormal brain adaptions that result from addiction
Crisis Intervention: The action taken when one's usual coping resources pose a threat to individual or family functioning
Cross-Dependence: The ability of one drug to prevent the withdrawal symptoms of one's physical dependence on another
Cross-Tolerance: Occurs when one's tolerance for one drug results in their lessened response to another
D.O.C.: This stands for drug of choice.
Denial: One's failure to either admit or realize his or her addiction or to recognize and accept the harm it can cause
Depressants: Sedatives that act on the CNS (e.g. to treat anxiety, high blood pressure, tension, etc.)
Depression: One of the most frequent types of distress resulting from addiction; an ongoing state of sadness involving the inability to concentrate, inactivity, etc.
Detoxification (Detox): The process of removing a toxic substance (e.g. a drug) from the body
Disease Model: A theory of alcoholism that considers the addiction a disease rather than a social or psychological issue.
Disease: A condition featuring medically significant symptoms that often have a known cause
Doctor Shopping: Occurs when a patient requests care simultaneously from multiple physicians without their knowledge in order to receive higher amounts of medications
Dopamine: A chemical produced naturally by the body; functions in the brain as a neurotransmitter to provide feelings of well-being
Downers: Another name for depressants; these drugs can cause low moods (e.g. alcohol, barbiturates, tranquilizers, etc.)
Drug Misuse: One's use of a drug not specifically recommended or prescribed when there are more practical alternatives; when drug use puts a user or others in danger
Drug Tolerance: A progressive state of decreased responsiveness to a drug
DSM-IV: The handbook most often used for diagnosing mental disorders
Dual-Diagnosis: Mental patients ' condition when they are also addicted to any mind-altering drug
DUI: Stands for (driving under influence) (of alcohol or another illicit substance that impairs one's ability to drive)
DWI: Stands for (driving while intoxicated)
Dysphoria: The opposite of euphoria
Dysynergy: An addiction's tendency to cause another (e.g. gateway drugs); an addicted person's tendency to combine substances
Enabling: Helping an addicted person do things they can or should be doing for themselves; causes disease progression
Endogenous Opioid: The opioids that the body naturally produces in order to help us tolerate pain
Endorphins: Opium-like substances produced by the brain; natural painkillers
Ethanol: The beverage type (ethyl) of alcohol
Euphoria: A pleasurable state of altered consciousness; one reason for the preference of one addictive behavior or substance over another
Withdrawal Symptoms: Severe and excruciating physical and emotional symptoms that generally occur between 4 to 72 hours after opiate withdrawal (e.g., watery eyes, yawning, loss of appetite, panic, insomnia, vomiting, shaking, irritability, jitters, etc.)
Withdrawal Syndrome: Combined reactions or behaviors that result from the abrupt cessation of a drug one is dependent on
Withdrawal: The abrupt decrease in or removal of one's regular dosage of a psychoactive substance
Question: What do you do if you know for a fact that a loved one is addicted to pain killers, is stealing & lying to get them, but won’t admit it? How do we get them to admit it and get help?Submitted By: Charlene Schultz
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