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Central Nervous System (CNS): The brain and spinal cord
Certified Chemical Dependency Counselor (CCDC): Manages clients in chemical dependency programs to help with addiction recovery
Cirrhosis: Chronic liver disease
Clinical Opiate Withdrawal Scale (COWS): Used to determine the severity of opioid withdrawal
Codeine: The pain-relieving sedative agent contained in opium
Codependence: A family member's or friend's suffering that is the result of the side effects of one's addiction; it occurs when one takes responsibility for another's actions and helps that person avoid facing his or her problems directly to maintain the relationship
Cold Turkey: Abruptly quitting a drug by choice in order to try to quit long-term
Compulsion: A physical behavior one repeats involuntarily that can be harmful (e.g., addiction)
Conditioning: A behavioral change that results from an association between events
Craving: A powerful and strong desire/urge for a substance; a symptom of the abnormal brain adaptions that result from addiction
Crisis Intervention: The action taken when one's usual coping resources pose a threat to individual or family functioning
Cross-Dependence: The ability of one drug to prevent the withdrawal symptoms of one's physical dependence on another
Cross-Tolerance: Occurs when one's tolerance for one drug results in their lessened response to another
D.O.C.: This stands for drug of choice.
Denial: One's failure to either admit or realize his or her addiction or to recognize and accept the harm it can cause
Depressants: Sedatives that act on the CNS (e.g. to treat anxiety, high blood pressure, tension, etc.)
Depression: One of the most frequent types of distress resulting from addiction; an ongoing state of sadness involving the inability to concentrate, inactivity, etc.
Detoxification (Detox): The process of removing a toxic substance (e.g. a drug) from the body
Disease Model: A theory of alcoholism that considers the addiction a disease rather than a social or psychological issue.
Disease: A condition featuring medically significant symptoms that often have a known cause
Doctor Shopping: Occurs when a patient requests care simultaneously from multiple physicians without their knowledge in order to receive higher amounts of medications
Dopamine: A chemical produced naturally by the body; functions in the brain as a neurotransmitter to provide feelings of well-being
Downers: Another name for depressants; these drugs can cause low moods (e.g. alcohol, barbiturates, tranquilizers, etc.)
Drug Misuse: One's use of a drug not specifically recommended or prescribed when there are more practical alternatives; when drug use puts a user or others in danger
Drug Tolerance: A progressive state of decreased responsiveness to a drug
DSM-IV: The handbook most often used for diagnosing mental disorders
Dual-Diagnosis: Mental patients ' condition when they are also addicted to any mind-altering drug
DUI: Stands for (driving under influence) (of alcohol or another illicit substance that impairs one's ability to drive)
DWI: Stands for (driving while intoxicated)
Dysphoria: The opposite of euphoria
Dysynergy: An addiction's tendency to cause another (e.g. gateway drugs); an addicted person's tendency to combine substances
Enabling: Helping an addicted person do things they can or should be doing for themselves; causes disease progression
Endogenous Opioid: The opioids that the body naturally produces in order to help us tolerate pain
Endorphins: Opium-like substances produced by the brain; natural painkillers
Ethanol: The beverage type (ethyl) of alcohol
Euphoria: A pleasurable state of altered consciousness; one reason for the preference of one addictive behavior or substance over another
Withdrawal Symptoms: Severe and excruciating physical and emotional symptoms that generally occur between 4 to 72 hours after opiate withdrawal (e.g., watery eyes, yawning, loss of appetite, panic, insomnia, vomiting, shaking, irritability, jitters, etc.)
Withdrawal Syndrome: Combined reactions or behaviors that result from the abrupt cessation of a drug one is dependent on
Withdrawal: The abrupt decrease in or removal of one's regular dosage of a psychoactive substance
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Glossary of Terms & Definitions - Pain Treatment
Glossary As with most medical disciplines,
the field of pain management has its own specialized vocabulary.
The terms and their definitions arranged
alphabetically below provide brief descriptions of commonly used,
misunderstood, expressions. The list was derived or ...
Sometimes called "dependence," addiction should not be
confused with physiologic dependence -- eg, tolerance, withdrawal
-- that may naturally occur with opioid analgesics. Adjuvant
analgesic – A ...
... of this blog I have created a
glossary of terms I will use throughout the development of
my personal theory. These terms are my own interpretation of
the language used in the field of addictions and how they
are defined here ...