- Article SummaryPrint
- Drinking Habits of Young Adults
- Alcohol and Drug Abuse Statistics
- Alcohol and Drug Abuse Facts
- Myths and Facts About Alcohol and Drug Abuse
- Frequently Asked Questions About Alcohol and Drug Abuse
Alcohol and drug abuse are defined as patterns of drinking or using drugs (prescription and illicit) that result in harm to a person’s health, well-being, relationships, and productivity. A person who abuses drugs and alcohol is not necessarily an addict. However, abuse of these substances is a risk factor for developing an addiction because continuous abuse can lead to physical and psychological dependence.
If you or someone you love wants to get help for alcohol or drug abuse or dependence, call our around-the-clock helpline at 1-888-287-0471 for assistance with finding a treatment center.
Factoid: Binge drinking (consuming five or more standard drinks in one session) more than two times is considered alcohol misuse. Using prescription medication for non-medical purposes is classified as prescription drug abuse.
Drinking Habits of Young Adults
Existing research has shown that young adults tend to overestimate how much their peers are drinking and underestimate how much they themselves drink. Our research found that individuals are actually most often correct in their assessments of their own drinking habits. Additionally, we found that a majority of young adults believe that they have "that friend", or an individual who drinks more excessively than the rest of the peer group, and of those who have "that friend," over half believe that individual may or does have an Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD).
Current efforts to reduce binge drinking may be incorrectly targeting individuals in order to change their perceptions of their own drinking, and should instead be focused on those individuals that are already believed to be suffering from an AUD.
Alcohol and Drug Abuse Statistics
Alcohol is the oldest drug around. It is also the most widely-used and almost 50 percent of people aged 12 and over have consumed alcohol in the United States. Most people are able to consume alcohol responsibly. However, for one reason or another, some people abuse alcohol and develop addictions. Drug information from the American Council for Drug Education (ACDE)states that approximately 10 to 15 million people in the United States can be classified as alcoholics. About 4.5 million of those people are adolescents. Alcohol dependence will affect 17 percent of men and 8 percent of women at some point in their lives.
The Center for Disease Control (CDC) reports that 79,000 deaths per year are the direct result of excessive alcohol consumption. It is the third leading cause of death (life-style related) in the nation and the leading cause of death for people aged 15 to 24. In 2005, excessive alcohol caused 4 million emergency room visits and 1.6 million hospitalizations. About 2,000 people under the legal drinking age (21) die annually in car crashes due to alcohol and it is involved in nearly 50 percent of all teen deaths involving violence.
Drug abuse is also a major concern for the country. According to the latest drug information from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), drug abuse costs the United States over $600 billion annually in health care treatments, lost productivity, and crime. This breaks down to $181 billion for illicit drugs and $235 billion for alcohol. In 2009 alone, over 2.1 million visits to the emergency department were related to drug abuse, as follows:
- Non-medical use of pharmaceutical drugs (27 percent)
- Illicit drug use (21 percent)
- Combination of alcohol with drugs (14 percent)
- Eighty percent of patients were 21 or older
- Over 420,000 of the visits were related to cocaine use
- The most common drug combination was alcohol and central nervous system depressants (over 519,000)
However, the cost to the individual is often immeasurable because drug and alcohol abuse can lead to lost relationships, child and spousal abuse, and unemployment.
Approximately 75 percent of people who use illicit drugs are employed, leading to an increased risk for having an accident on the job.
Men are more likely to binge drink than women.The average is 12.7 episodes of binge drinking per year for men vs. 2.7 episodes per year for women.
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Alcohol and Drug Abuse Facts
Alcohol affects men and women differently due to the differences in size and body mass. Generally, men have higher tolerance to alcohol than women do. Additionally, a woman’s tolerance levels decrease as she ages.
Consuming two to three drinks in 60 minutes is enough to impair judgment. Five drinks in one hour can raise blood alcohol levels to 0.10 percent, which is the legal limit in many states. If you have been arrested for DUI or DWI, it may be a signal that you need help to overcome a drug or alcohol abuse problem. Call our toll-free confidential helpline at 1-888-287-0471 to get information about available treatment programs and drug information.
Flunitrazepam Addiction Treatment
Flunitrazepam is a drug commonly known on the street as Mexican valium, roofies and circles. Medicinal uses include treatment for insomnia or treatment as a sedative and a pre-anesthetic medication. Flunitrazepam is highly addictive, and once a user is addicted, he or she typically needs to undergo flunitrazepam addiction treatment.Read More
Although alcohol lowers inhibitions, excessive alcohol consumption can interfere with sexual function. Consistently drinking too much can impede male hormone production and testicular function, which leads to impotence and infertility. Secondary male characteristics, like facial and chest hair, may be reduced as well.
Alcohol and drug use are commonly involved in sex crimes. According to the alcohol and drug information provided by the CDC, alcohol impairs judgment and some men may mistake a woman’s (or fellow man’s) friendliness for sexual overtures. They may not realize how aggressive their behavior is. Additionally, drugs such as flunitrazepam are used to sedate victims for forced sexual intercourse.
Reduced cognitive function may cause a woman to agree to sexual intercourse when she otherwise would not. Additionally, people under the influence of drugs and alcohol may engage in risky sexual behavior,like not using condoms and having sex with multiple partners.
Alcohol and drug abuse can lead to short-term and long-term health complications. Men who drink have an increased risk of developing cancer in the mouth, esophagus, liver, and colon. Both men and women may develop neurological problems including dementia, neuropathy, and stroke from chronic alcohol abuse. Psychiatric problems like depression and anxiety are associated with long-term abuse of alcohol.
There are no safe levels of alcohol consumption for pregnant women, and alcohol can cause the most harm when consumed during the first trimester. Drinking while pregnant can cause miscarriage or stillbirth and lead to the development of physical and neurological birth defects in babies. Certain drugs taken during pregnancy can cause the child to be born with a physical dependence on them and/or develop withdrawal symptoms.
The most common health complication associated with alcohol abuse is liver damage. Chronic over consumption of alcohol can lead to the development of hepatitis and cirrhosis of the liver.
Stress is a major factor in the consumption of drugs and alcohol. People use them to reduce anxiety, regulate emotions, and relieve emotional pain.
Almost 50 percent of people who use drugs and alcohol have a mental health disorder. Oftentimes, substance abuse is an attempt to self-medicate.
Child abuse is a contributing factor to the development of an addiction.
About 65 percent of people addicted to drugs are able to obtain them from friends and family members.
Myths and Facts About Alcohol and Drug Abuse
Myth: Marijuana is not addictive.
Fact: Many people believe marijuana is not addictive because it is a “natural” substance that comes from a plant. Cocaine is made from the coca plant and is highly addictive. Where a drug comes from often has little bearing on how addictive it can be. According to the drug information available, approximately one out of ten people who use marijuana will develop an addiction to it. If you are addicted to marijuana or other drugs, you can get help at an addiction treatment center. Call our safe confidential hotline at 1-888-287-0471 for more information.
Myth: You can’t get addicted the first time you try drugs.
Fact: Every person’s physiology is different. Therefore, you cannot predict how any drug, including alcohol, will affect you, especially the first time you try it. There are substances that are highly addictive and can cause the onset of withdrawal symptoms after the first time you use them.
Myth: You can cure an addiction by taking medication.
Fact: False. However, the withdrawal symptoms experienced by a person addicted to drugs can be mitigated through the judicious use of prescription medication. Drug abuse and addiction can only be “cured” through a combination of detoxification, counseling, education, and abstinence.
Myth: People are only hurting themselves when they take drugs or drink alcohol.
Fact: When a person abuses drugs and alcohol, everyone pays the price. A person who misuses or has an addiction to drugs and alcohol is more likely to be involved in an accident or commit a crime. Additionally, people under the influence often say and do things they normally would not do while sober. This can lead them to hurt their friends, family members, and coworkers.
Myth: Prescription drugs are okay if prescribed by a health care professional.
Fact: Only if they are taken as prescribed. Drugs consumed in a manner not indicated by the prescription can be dangerous and lead to drug dependency or the development of serious health complications including strokes, comas, and seizures. Always follow your doctor’s directions when treating a medical condition with prescription drugs.
Frequently Asked Questions About Alcohol and Drug Abuse
Q. Why do people abuse drugs and alcohol?
A. According to the latest drug information, there are a variety of reasons why people abuse drugs and alcohol. These reasons include self-medication, peer pressure, emotional regulation, and stress relief. Additionally, people who have friends or family members that take drugs or drink are more likely to do so.
Q.Is it possible to abuse over-the-counter drugs?
A. Absolutely. There are many products on the market that contain ingredients that can get a person high when consumed in large quantities. However, this often produces disastrous results. Over-the-counter (OTC) medications can contain other ingredients than become poisonous when ingested in excessive amounts. For example, high doses of acetaminophen can cause liver damage.OTC medications can also be dangerous when mixed with other drugs and alcohol. Always read the drug information on the package. If you have any questions, consult a qualified medical expert.
Q.How do I know if I have a drug or alcohol addiction?
A. The major symptom of drug or alcohol addiction is the onset of withdrawal symptoms after not consuming the substance for a period of time. Other signs include a persistent compulsion to consume the substance despite the negative consequences associated with doing so, an obsession with consuming the substance, and attempting to quit but being unable to do so. If you suspect that you or someone you love has an addiction to drugs or alcohol, call our toll-free safe helpline at 1-888-287-0471 for information about treatment centers than can help.
Q.Is sharing prescription drugs illegal?
A.Yes, and violation of the law can result in arrest and prosecution. Although it may seem harmless, allowing a person to take a medication he or she does not have a prescription for is dangerous. The medical professional wrote the prescription for his or her patient based upon that patient’s medical history. The person taking the drug without a prescription may have health issues including use of other medications, or unknown allergies that can lead to an adverse reaction to the drug. Always err on the side of safety and never share your prescription medication with anyone.
Q.What are withdrawal symptoms?
A.Withdrawal symptoms are the body’s reactions to the absence of an addictive substance. Almost every drug, including alcohol can produce withdrawal symptoms once you have developed an addiction to it. However, the severity of the withdrawal symptoms varies from person to person and is based on the amount and length of time consumed. Common withdrawal symptoms include nausea, vomiting, headache, tremors, irritability, and depression. There may be other withdrawal symptoms and it is best to talk to an addictions specialist about how to treat them. To find one in your area, contact us through our confidential hotline at 1-888-287-0471.
Q. How long will drugs and alcohol show up on a drug test?
A.This varies depending on the type of test given. For tests that use biological substances like blood, urine, or saliva, a person can test positive for most substances for up to seven days for. Phenobarbital and benzodiazepines will give a positive result for up to three weeks and six weeks respectively. Drug tests that use a hair sample will test positive for drugs for up to 90 days and show a positive result for alcohol for up to two days.
Q. How long do substance abuse treatment programs last?
A. This depends on the individual person and program. People who have been abusing drugs and alcohol for a long time generally need more assistance overcoming the addiction than someone who has been an addict for a short period of time. However, drug information provided by the NIDA states that the length of time a person stays in a program determines how successful he or she will be in kicking the addiction. Treatment programs that last significantly longer than 90 days are best for achieving and maintaining a positive outcome. It is best to talk to an addiction specialist about treatment time. Call our safe national hotline at 1-888-287-0471 to find a treatment facility near you.
Q.How much does it cost to treat someone with a substance abuse or addiction problem?
A.According to drug abuse articles on the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration website (SAMHSA), the average cost of outpatient and inpatient treatment was $1,422 and $3,840 per course respectively. However, each treatment facility is different and you may pay more or less depending on where you ultimately decide to go for treatment.
Q. What is a co-occurring disorder?
A. A co-occurring disorder is a medical or mental condition that causes or arises from the person’s addiction to drugs or alcohol. Drugs and alcohol have a major effect on the body. Most, but not all, people develop co-occurring disorders. The most common ones are anxiety disorders, depression, and malnutrition. Drug information from the National Alliance on Mental Illness indicates approximately 37 percent of alcoholics and 53 percent of drug users have at least one serious mental illness. It is important to diagnose and treat co-occurring disorders at the same time the addiction is being treated because untreated medical or mental health problems can cause a person to relapse into addictive behaviors.
Q. Are older adults at risk for drug and alcohol abuse?
A. Accord to recent studies and available drug information, people over 65 comprise one of the fastest growing demographics for prescription drug abuse. This is due to a few factors including the increased ease of obtaining drugs and different cultural norms. However, drug abuse and addiction often goes unnoticed in people in this demographic and, therefore, is more likely to go untreated.
Q. How can a 12-step program help a person overcome a drug or alcohol abuse problem?
A. A 12-step program like Alcoholics Anonymous can provide much needed support and education. In addition to providing community-level social support, 12-step programs often offer continuing education and socialization opportunities that can help a person achieve and maintain his or her sobriety. There are 12-step programs for almost every addiction imaginable including sex addiction (Sex Addicts Anonymous) and drug addiction (Narconon). Additionally, many 12-step programs offer complementary programs for friends and family members dealing with people who have substance abuse problems.
Q. How many people overcome their addictions?
A. Unfortunately, reliable information about addiction treatment rates is hard to come by. According to Medicine Net, about 70 percent of people who are addicted to alcohol are able to decrease the frequency with which they consume the substance after completing a course of treatment. The most crucial factors that contribute to a person’s success are his or her motivation to overcome the addiction and the support network he or she has surrounding them. For more information about drug abuse treatment, call our confidential helpline at 1-888-287-0471 or click here to email us.