Tranquilizers are some of the most commonly prescribed medications in the United States, with an estimated 60 million people receiving tranquilizer prescriptions every year. These drugs are indicated for the treatment and control of anxiety, depression and sleep problems. Tranquilizers are called sedatives and central nervous system depressants. Tranquilizer addiction symptoms are also common among prescription and non-prescription users.
“Tranquilizers are some of the most commonly prescribed medications in the United States.”
There are three classification groups of tranquilizers: major tranquilizers, minor tranquilizers, and other medications. Major tranquilizers, or antipsychotics, are mainly used to treat mental illnesses like schizophrenia, mania and other serious issues. Antipsychotics are rarely habit-forming and are non-addictive. Minor tranquilizers, on the other hand, are classified as sedatives and depressants. Drugs that fall in this category are benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and sleep aids. These drugs are habit-forming and have high potential for abuse.
Did You Know?
Tranquilizers are the most prescribed psychotherapeutic drug in the world, and they are involved in many suicide attempts and accidental overdoses.
Tranquilizer Effects and Addiction Symptoms
Minor tranquilizers work by slowing brain activity, leading to drowsiness, slowed breathing, and a general sense of relaxation or euphoria. When taken in large doses or mixed with other medications, they can cause blurred vision or muscle weakness and can even put an addict into a state of coma. Long-term users of the drug can develop tolerance to the drug and may show tranquilizer addiction symptoms, including:
- Uncontrollable cravings for tranquilizers
- Using the drug surreptitiously
- Inability to control drug intake
- Loss of appetite
- Persistent coughing
- Runny nose
- Glazed or red eyes
- Memory lapses
- Lowered inhibitions
- Rapid speech
- Mood swings
- Neglect of personal hygiene
- Neglect of family or social responsibilities
According to a survey released by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), 2.6 million Americans used tranquilizers and sedatives for non-medical reasons in 2010. Commonly abused prescription tranquilizers include:
- Xanax, Valium, Ativan, Halcion, Librium (benzodiazepines)
- Amytal, Nembutal, Tuinal, Seconal (barbiturates)
- Lunesta, Ambien, Sonata (sleeping aids)
In 2010, a study done by the University of Michigan showed that after marijuana, prescription medications are the most commonly used drug for non-medical and recreational use among teenagers.
In case of tranquilizer addiction symptoms, poisoning, or overdose, call 911 or 1-800-222-1222 to seek help from the National Poison Control Center.
Did You Know?
Tranquilizers do not provide a cure for any condition; they only offer temporary relief or control for certain conditions.
Tranquilizer Addiction Treatment
Many of the drugs that are classified as tranquilizers need careful supervision during treatment for addiction. If a person is addicted to benzodiazepines and barbiturates, he or she must be treated medically, as these drugs can induce acute withdrawal symptoms when stopped immediately. Tranquilizer addiction symptoms can be treated with a carefully supervised detoxification process using short-acting drugs for gradual dosage reduction.
Long-term abusers of tranquilizers may need to enter an inpatient detox and rehab center for full recovery. Luxury centers offer private treatment sessions and use advanced facilities to treat addiction. The best tranquilizer addiction recovery centers also cater to addicted patients with existing physical and mental conditions.
Another type of treatment used for tranquilizer addiction is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). CBT focuses on modifying the patient’s expectations, behavior, and thinking towards these drugs while helping him or her cope with various temptations and life stressors. After the detox and rehabilitation program, the patient can choose to join a local support group. The top inpatient and outpatient drug recovery centers offer one-on-one or group therapy and counseling to help their patients continue to work towards full recovery.
Depending on the severity of the addiction, it may take several weeks to months before tranquilizer addiction symptoms can be treated completely. Prevention of a relapse can be a lifelong battle. It is not impossible to recover from addiction completely with the help of the best detox centers and medical experts, and with the support of family and friends. If you or a loved one is suffering from tranquilizer addiction symptoms and wants to seek treatment, it is best to consult a specialist. Call 1-888-287-0471 to discuss treatment options.
Did You Know?
Tranquilizers are also used in non-lethal guns. Tranquilizer guns use sedatives, paralytic agents, or anesthetic to temporarily sedate animals and humans without causing injury.