Clonidine is a centrally acting alpha-agonist hypotensive agent, generally used to treat high blood pressure. A doctor may also prescribe clonidine for the treatment of hypertensive crisis, severely painful cramps during menstrual period, Tourette’s syndrome, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, alcohol, nicotine and narcotic withdrawal, migraine headache and menopausal hot flashes. It helps blood flow more effortlessly through the body by relaxing the blood vessels and decreasing a person’s heartbeat. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, a study found 10 out of 15 individuals who had sought opiate dependence treatment acknowledged they had abused clonidine to decrease the amount of heroin needed to achieve the desired effect and to prolong the duration of its action.
Typical Signs and Symptoms
A clonidine overdose may result from taking more than the recommended dosage. An overdose can accidentally occur if a young child gains access to clonidine in the home. A discarded transdermal patch contains a sufficient amount of the drug to cause clonidine overdose symptoms in children. Just like the warning signs of addiction, overdose can also be fatal. If someone has overdosed on clonidine, call the local poison control center. If the person has collapsed or is not breathing, call your local emergency services at 911.
Signs of an overdose on clonidine include:
- High blood pressure
- Slow heart rate
- Difficulty breathing
- Slurred speech
- Cold, pale skin
- Constricted pupils
- Sinus bradycardia (common in child overdose)
“Clonidine overdose symptoms may be very serious, often necessitating intensive care management, and they can even lead to death.”Clonidine overdose symptoms may be very serious, often necessitating intensive care management, and they can even lead to death. Become healthy and free from addiction by taking the proper Clonidine detox and withdrawal treatment.
Some people will mix clonidine and alcohol or other drugs due to lack of knowledge about the possible effects. Others make a conscious decision by mixing the drugs together, seeking enhanced effects. If you mix clonidine and alcohol or other drugs together, it’s a sign of addiction.
Out of 10,060 reported clonidine overdose exposures between 1993 and 1999, 57 percent involved children younger than 6 years and 34 percent involved children ages 6 through 12. The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia advises that clonidine is quickly becoming one of the agents most responsible for coma in young children.
Clonidine Overdose Treatment
Overdoses of clonidine and opiates are similar, as is their treatment. Maintaining proper hemodynamic status and sufficient respiratory exchange are crucial in clonidine overdose treatment. Maintaining adequate respiratory exchange can be accomplished by using assisted or controlled ventilation. Severe respiratory depression resulting from a clonidine overdose can be treated with the opioid antagonist, naloxone hydrochloride. The naloxone hydrochloride is preferably administered intravenously and simultaneously with respiratory resuscitation efforts.
Addiction to clonidine can have very serious or even fatal results. If you are worried that your use of the drug may cause you to experience clonidine overdose symptoms, call 1-888-287-0471 and find the assistance you need.