Dextroamphetamine addiction treatment is available for those who feel they may have a problem with dependency or addiction to a form of dextroamphetamine. Dexedrine, another name for dextroamphetamine, is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant. The prefix “dextro” in dextroamphetamine refers to dextrose, a type of sugar. This simply means the drug has sugar molecules inside. It was previously used in the 1970s as a dietary aid, but it has no real physical benefits.
As an illegally-used prescribed substance, dextroamphetamine is seen in colleges and school situations. It is used to help students concentrate, but it can also be used to get high. This drug suppresses obsessive-compulsive behavior, which can include socializing. However, the drug is also capable of making obsessive-compulsive behaviors worse in some individuals.
Uses of the Drug
Dextroamphetamine is normally used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, also known as ADHD. It can be used in adults or children. It can also be used to treat narcolepsy, which is a disorder that causes excessive sleepiness during the day or sudden attacks of sleep. Dextroamphetamines work by changing the amount of certain natural chemicals in the brain.Dextroamphetamine addiction treatment should be considered if a patient has to take more of the medication than usual to prevent symptoms or if stopping the medication is becoming difficult. On occasion, doctors will ask patients to stop the medication to make sure it is working correctly.
Dextroamphetamine can come as an extended-release tablet or capsule that is taken by mouth, as a liquid taken by mouth, or as a tablet taken by mouth. Depending on the way the medication is given, it is usually taken between one and three times daily. It should be taken at the same time every day so that it stays consistent in the body. Doses should be spaced between every four and six hours, but should not be taken before bed since it can cause insomnia or difficulty falling asleep. This medication cannot be chewed or crushed, and it should be taken as given. This drug is likely to be started on a lower dose at first, being increased only when necessary over the next two or more weeks.
Dextrostat withdrawal symptoms and signs, and detoxification withdrawal is possible when taking dextroamphetamines. Dextroamphetamine addiction treatment is important for those who may be addicted to this substance. Dextroamphetamines are commonly used to treat ADHD in children and adults, and the withdrawal symptoms are thought to be caused because of the way the drug works with the central nervous system (CNS).
Signs and Symptoms of Abuse
Addiction to dextroamphetamine is possible. This drug is a stimulant that can give people the feeling of having more energy. This can cause an elevated mood, called a high, as well. Unfortunately, this drug wears off quickly and can cause a person to experience a low, which can be similar to a depression. Students and other busy individuals may abuse this drug due to the fact that it allows them to stay awake longer and prevents them from becoming tired. Common street names for this drug include “go-pills,” “pep pills,” “speed,” and “uppers.”Dextroamphetamines have a high rate of abuse because the drug is easily obtained. It is commonly prescribed for patients with ADHD, which makes it easy to find.
Side effects Like any drug, dextroamphetamine has side effects. Some may be mild, while others are more severe and should be taken very seriously. Common side effects can include:
- Difficulty falling or staying asleep
- Uncontrollable shaking
- Dry mouth
- Unpleasant taste in the mouth
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Changes in sexual desires and drive
Serious side effects can occur when taking dextroamphetamines. If you or someone you know suffers from any of these side effects, contact a doctor immediately or call 911 for emergency services.
- Racing, fast, or pounding heart
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pains
- Tiredness (excessive)
- Slowed or difficult speech
- Weakness or numbness of the legs
- Weakness or numbness of the arms
- Mood changes
- Aggressive or hostile behavior
- Vernal tics
- Tourette’s syndrome
- Changes in vision
- Blurred vision
It is important to realize if someone needs the dextroamphetamine addiction treatment. Dextroamphetamine has been known to slow growth or weight gain in children. If a child takes this medication, it is important that the physician in charge watches his or her growth and weight gain carefully. This drug can also cause sudden death in children and teens, especially if they have heart defects or problems. Adults may also face similar problems such as strokes or heart attacks if they have preexisting heart conditions. This is just a short list of possible side effects.
Dextrostat can cause withdrawal symptoms if a person stops taking it suddenly or if the body is not used to the smaller dosages. Dextroamphetamine addiction treatment may help reduce these symptoms. Some withdrawal symptoms include severe fatigue and drowsiness, although those are not the only possible symptoms. Side effects may also be increased or more obvious as a result of withdrawal. These may include:
- Dry mouth
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep
- Upset stomach
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain or tightness
- Irregular heartbeat
If a patient suffers from any of these side effects, a doctor should be notified immediately or emergency help should be sought. Even common side effects can be dangerous if not treated correctly. Dextroamphetamine detox is used to help patients reduce the side effects from withdrawal. Dextroamphetamine addiction treatment is completed in dextroamphetamine rehab, so there is both emotional and physical withdrawal support.
Dependencies to amphetamines are normally physical and psychological, meaning treatment methods will need to address both the mental and physical aspects of withdrawal. Underlying disorders that may exist, such as ADHD, will also need to be managed while the patient goes through detox and rehabilitation. This could include medications to help reduce withdrawal symptoms and group or individual therapies to help with psychological issues.
The psychological dependency caused by dextroamphetamines can cause similar withdrawal symptoms to that of a physical dependency and there are a number of methods that can be used to treat it. This kind of dependency can cause side effects and withdrawal, although there is no physical chemical or drug behind the withdrawal symptoms. Anxiety and stress play a major role in psychological withdrawal in most cases. In psychological withdrawal situations, patients feel that they need the drug when they actually do not. The purpose of psychological therapy is to help reduce psychological dependencies to the drug and to help a patient recognize that the dextroamphetamine addiction treatment and detox was successful. Symptoms caused by psychological dependencies are not related to the drug being in the body. Some therapists will work with patients to identify environmental factors that cause drug use.
Treatment and Recovery
There are three major steps that patients must attend when participating in dextroamphetamine addiction treatment. First, a patient will participate in detoxification. This could take a number of days, weeks, or months, depending on the amount of amphetamines in the system. Rapid detoxification is one possibility for some patients. This type of dextroamphetamine detox allows the patient to literally sleep through the withdrawal by being placed under anesthesia. This method usually takes less than four hours.
Once the detoxification is completed, patients will then attend a treatment center for rehabilitation with the dextroamphetamine addiction treatment. This rehabilitation program may include a number of different activities such as programs about recovery including education on the drug, therapy sessions in one-on-one counseling, group-talk and discussion events, relapse prevention courses, and other things, like building hobbies or socializing.
The point of the treatment phase is to help the patient construct positive habits that will last and prevail as sobriety from the drug in everyday life. As a third phase, patients may continue outpatient therapy and other styles of drug programs to prevent relapse. This can include attending therapy after rehabilitation has ended, or making regular check-ups with healthcare providers. This continued therapy has been found to help prevent relapse in many patients.
For example, a stressful home life may cause a patient to want to take the drug to feel less overwhelmed. If this situation can be remedied, the psychological dependency on the drug can subside on its own. Methods of redirection are also used. This may include substituting thoughts with a different activity when a situation arises. During stressful events, for example, a patient may substitute playing game or participating in an activity in place of taking a drug. This method helps replace the negative behavior with one that is constructive.
A conditioning model of behavioral therapy focuses on addiction as a learned habit.A learned habit is something like brushing your teeth every day when you get up and before bed. This kind of action can be present in those with an addiction or dependency on a substance.
Dextroamphetamine addiction treatment will also focus on the psychological learned behaviors that can cause addiction to be present. A doctor will help the patient identify the times when drug use is triggered by recognizing cues. Cues are things that happen in everyday life that indicate the medication is needed (in this situation). Once the cues are identified, the doctor can help the patient replace the drug use with a more positive reaction to the cue.
Operant conditioning, another method of dextroamphetamine addiction treatment can also help patients break out of the psychological dependency on dextroamphetamine. Operant conditioning discusses how a patient sees the drug as a positive reward. Through therapy and over time, this positive reward must be turned into a negative consequence. For example, the patient may be asked to keep a white board with marks to indicate negative drug use each time the pill is taken and to leave it where friends and family members can see. This can start to make taking the drug less positive over time, eventually leading to the patient not wanting any.
Inpatient programs are beneficial because there is around-the-clock care from a certified and educated staff. Dextroamphetamine addiction treatment can easily be maintained by the staff when they are in full control of how much of the medication a patient receives. Often, detoxification includes a tapering system, where the drug is limited over time and eventually stopped completely. This can take a number of weeks in normal detoxification or a few hours through rapid detoxification.