Specialty addiction treatment centers are located throughout the Unites States for populations that require specialized treatment services. Substance abuse treatment as a whole has many similarities, but the diversity of patient populations has brought about the addition of many different specialty treatment programs. Substance abuse treatment programs may not be equipped to meet the needs of specialty populations, and specialty care may be required to meet individualized needs. Examples of populations that might require a specialized rehab program include:
- Pregnant women
- Those with a dual diagnosis
- Homosexuals, lesbians or transgender people
In the 2000 National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Organization, 61 percent of treatment facilities designated themselves as substance abuse treatment settings rather than combined substance abuse and mental health organizations (25 percent). Specialty addiction treatment centers that provide treatment for those patients with a dual diagnosis are now becoming more common, however, as the need for these services is increasing. When a substance abuse addiction is coupled with a mental disorder, the potential for recovery is significantly reduceds unless both the addiction and the mental disorder are treated. Specialized rehab programs provide personnel who are trained in substance abuse and also the treatment of mental disorders. Detoxification and dual diagnosis treatment provide the patient with knowledge and skills to cope with life on a daily basis in one location or through the use of referral services.
Women in Treatment
“Pregnant women addicted to opiates require specialized treatment as withdrawal from substances may be harmful for the unborn fetus.”Specialized rehab programs for women focus on women’s services while being free from the distractions of a coed facility. Many programs allow women to bring their children with them, assuring the safety of the children. The nurturing support that women receive from each other in combination with being able to be with their children gives women the opportunity to learn to be drug free in a place that is comfortable, is safe and promotes a sense of identity. These services focus on addiction in women and provide treatment that is specialized in helping women learn skills that allow them to be productive members in society while reducing the risks of relapse.
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s National Survey on Drug Use and Health found that based on 2010 data, among pregnant women aged 15 to 44, 4.4 percent were current illicit drug users. Pregnant women addicted to opiates require specialized treatment as withdrawal from substances may be harmful for the unborn fetus.
Gay, Lesbian and Transgender
In 2001, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration government released a Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) report calling for a comprehensive approach to treating substance abuse and addiction in this population. This community of people experience different stressor than the general population, and treatment modalities must be modified in order to reflect the difference. While studies were limited due to the differences across the communities, results indicated that these populations were more likely to use drugs and alcohol, have higher levels of abuse, were less likely to abstain from use and more likely to continue use into later life. Specialty addiction treatment approaches for people in these communities utilize methods that address the reasons for abusing substances.
Addiction Treatment Options
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, over 13,000 specialized drug treatment facilities across the United States deliver services such as counseling, behavioral therapy and medication therapy. Treatment may take occur in places such as inpatient facilities, outpatient facilities or residential settings. Usually care is delivered by a multidisciplinary team comprised of physicians, nurses, counselors, psychiatrists, therapists and social workers. Just as treatment settings vary, so do the type of interventions, services and amenities provided.
Inpatient Specialty Addiction Treatment Centers
Inpatient specialty addiction treatment centers provide care around the clock in a hospital or nonhospital setting for a period of a few weeks up to a year. During inpatient rehabilitation for methylphenidate addiction, the individual is focused on recovery and learning new patterns of behavior. Intensive therapy usually occurs both in individual and group settings, teaching the person to be accountable for his or her actions while learning to become a productive member in society without the use of drugs.
Outpatient Specialty Addiction Treatment Centers
Outpatient specialty addiction treatment centers vary in the type and intensity of services offered. A person will usually start in more intensive outpatient programs and progress through to a less intensive program. Group and individual counseling usually occurs, and the person is encouraged to attend support groups and 12-step meetings. Counseling sessions focus on goals, coping mechanisms and strategies to reduce the risk of relapse. The counselor is usually responsible for making referrals to other agencies based upon individual needs.
Choosing a Drug Treatment Center
Many factors should be taken into consideration when choosing which type of specialty addiction treatment facility is best. Factors to consider include time, cost of treatment, location and accessibility, health insurance coverage, services offered and treatment duration. Other factors to consider include the philosophy of the program and what special services are offered. Duration of treatment is a crucial factor, as studies have shown that the longer individuals are in treatment, the greater the chances of recovery and the less likely they are to relapse.